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  • Autor
    • Handler, Michael
    • Fischer, Gerald
    • Seger, Michael
    • Kienast, Roland
    • Hanser, Friedrich
    • Baumgartner, Christian
  • TitelSimulation and evaluation of freeze-thaw cryoablation scenarios for the treatment of cardiac arrhythmias
  • Volltext
  • DOI10.1186/s12938-015-0005-9
  • Persistent Identifier
  • Erschienen inBioMedical Engineering OnLine
  • Band14
  • Erscheinungsjahr2015
  • Heft1
  • LicenceCC-BY
  • ISSN1475-925X
  • ZugriffsrechteCC-BY
  • Download Statistik134
  • Peer ReviewNein
  • AbstractBACKGROUND:Cardiac cryoablation is a minimally invasive procedure to treat cardiac arrhythmias by cooling cardiac tissues responsible for the cardiac arrhythmia to freezing temperatures. Although cardiac cryoablation offers a gentler treatment than radiofrequency ablation, longer interventions and higher recurrence rates reduce the clinical acceptance of this technique. Computer models of ablation scenarios allow for a closer examination of temperature distributions in the myocardium and evaluation of specific effects of applied freeze-thaw protocols in a controlled environment.METHODS:In this work multiple intervention scenarios with two freeze-thaw cycles were simulated with varying durations and starting times of the interim thawing phase using a finite element model verified by in-vivo measurements and data from literature. To evaluate the effects of different protocols, transmural temperature distributions and iceball dimensions were compared over time. Cryoadhesion durations of the applicator were estimated in the interim thawing phase with varying thawing phase starting times. In addition, the increase of cooling rates was compared between the freezing phases, and the thawing rates of interim thawing phases were analyzed over transmural depth.RESULTS:It could be shown that the increase of cooling rate, the regions undergoing additional phase changes and depths of selected temperatures depend on the chosen ablation protocol. Only small differences of the estimated cryoadhesion duration were found for ablation scenarios with interim thawing phase start after 90 s freezing.CONCLUSIONS:By the presented model a quantification of effects responsible for cell death is possible, allowing for the analysis and optimization of cryoablation scenarios which contribute to a higher clinical acceptance of cardiac cryoablation.