Hauptmenü
  • Autor
    • Fesko, Kateryna
  • TitelThreonine aldolases: perspectives in engineering and screening the enzymes with enhanced substrate and stereo specificities
  • Datei
  • DOI10.1007/s00253-015-7218-5
  • Persistent Identifier
  • Erschienen inApplied Microbiology and Biotechnology
  • Band100
  • Erscheinungsjahr2016
  • Heft6
  • Seiten2579-2590
  • ISSN1432-0614
  • ZugriffsrechteCC-BY
  • Download Statistik286
  • Peer ReviewNein
  • AbstractThreonine aldolases have emerged as a powerful tool for asymmetric carbon-carbon bond formation. These enzymes catalyse the unnatural aldol condensation of different aldehydes and glycine to produce highly valuable β-hydroxy-α-amino acids with complete stereocontrol at the α-carbon and moderate specificity at the β-carbon. A range of microbial threonine aldolases has been recently recombinantly produced by several groups and their biochemical properties were characterized. Numerous studies have been conducted to improve the reaction protocols to enable higher conversions and investigate the substrate scope of enzymes. However, the application of threonine aldolases in organic synthesis is still limited due to often moderate yields and low diastereoselectivities obtained in the aldol reaction. This review briefly summarizes the screening techniques recently applied to discover novel threonine aldolases as well as enzyme engineering and mutagenesis studies which were accomplished to improve the catalytic activity and substrate specificity. Additionally, the results from new investigations on threonine aldolases including crystal structure determinations and structural-functional characterization are reviewed.