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  • Autor
    • Fasching, Paul
    • Sprenger, Florian
    • Granitz, Christina
  • TitelA holistic investigation of natural gas–diesel dual fuel combustion with dual direct injection for passenger car applications
  • Datei
  • DOI10.1007/s41104-017-0018-4
  • Persistent Identifier
  • Erschienen inAutomotive and Engine Technology
  • Band2
  • Erscheinungsjahr2017
  • Heft1
  • Seiten79-95
  • ISSN2365-5135
  • ZugriffsrechteCC-BY
  • Download Statistik405
  • Peer ReviewJa
  • AbstractThis publication covers the investigation of a dual fuel combustion process for passenger car applications using natural gas and diesel as fuels. In the literature a widely studied dual fuel concept is the combination of port fuel injection of natural gas and direct injection of diesel. The challenge of this concept is a high emission of unburned hydrocarbons at low load operation as previous publications show. The proposed concept features a low pressure direct injection of natural gas in combination with direct injection of diesel to circumvent this problem. The acronym DDI—dual direct injection is introduced for this concept. It enables charge stratification of the air--natural gas mixture. This allows for a significant reduction of the unburned hydrocarbon emissions as earlier studies already demonstrated. The focus of this publication is on hardware variations which were performed on the engine test bench. Results are presented of a variation of the compression ratio and of different charge motion patterns which were studied. The results are compared with a conventional diesel and a gasoline spark ignited engine. The investigations demonstrate that a CO₂ reduction of 20–29% is feasible as compared to conventional engines. Finally, investigations of exhaust gas aftertreatment with a three-way catalyst are published. The aftertreatment of the remaining engine-out hydrocarbon emissions is still the key challenge due to the low exhaust gas temperature during low load operation.