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  • Autor
    • Mihalj, Tomislav
    • Li, Hexuan
    • Babić, Dario
    • Lex, Cornelia
    • Jeudy, Mathieu
    • Zovak, Goran
    • Babić, Darko
    • Eichberger, Arno
  • TitelRoad Infrastructure Challenges Faced by Automated Driving: A Review
  • Datei
  • DOI10.3390/app12073477
  • Erschienen inApplied sciences
  • Band12
  • Erscheinungsjahr2022
  • Heft7
  • LicenceCC BY 4.0
  • ISSN2076-3417
  • ZugriffsrechteCC-BY
  • Download Statistik16
  • Peer ReviewJa
  • AbstractAutomated driving can no longer be referred to as hype or science fiction but rather a tech- nology that has been gradually introduced to the market. The recent activities of regulatory bodies and the market penetration of automated driving systems (ADS) demonstrate that society is exhibit- ing increasing interest in this field and gradually accepting new methods of transport. Automated driving, however, does not depend solely on the advances of onboard sensor technology or artificial intelligence (AI). One of the essential factors in achieving trust and safety in automated driving is road infrastructure, which requires careful consideration. Historically, the development of road infrastructure has been guided by human perception, but today we are at a turning point at which this perspective is not sufficient. In this study, we review the limitations and advances made in the state of the art of automated driving technology with respect to road infrastructure in order to identify gaps that are essential for bridging the transition from human control to self-driving. The main findings of this study are grouped into the following five clusters, characterised according to challenges that must be faced in order to cope with future mobility: international harmonisation of traffic signs and road markings, revision of the maintenance of the road infrastructure, review of common design patterns, digitalisation of road networks, and interdisciplinarity. The main contribution of this study is the provision of a clear and concise overview of the interaction between road infrastructure and ADS as well as the support of international activities to define the requirements of road infrastructure for the successful deployment of ADS.