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  • Autor
    • Ivanov, Hristo
    • Marzano, Frank
    • Leitgeb, Erich
    • Bekhrad, Pasha
  • TitelTestbed Emulator of Satellite-to-Ground FSO Downlink Affected by Atmospheric Seeing Including Scintillations and Clouds
  • Datei
  • DOI10.3390/electronics11071102
  • Erschienen inElectronics
  • Band11
  • Erscheinungsjahr2022
  • Heft7
  • LicenceCC BY 4.0
  • ISSN2079-9292
  • ZugriffsrechteCC-BY
  • Download Statistik13
  • Peer ReviewJa
  • AbstractFree Space Optics (FSO) technology enabling next-generation near-Earth communication is prone to severe propagation losses due to atmospheric-turbulence-induced fading and Mie scattering (clouds). As an alternative to the real-time evaluation of the weather effects over optical signal, a state-of-the-art laboratory testbed for verification of slant APD-based (Avalanche Photodiode) FSO links in laboratory conditions is proposed. In particular, a hardware channel emulator representing an FSO channel by means of fiber-coupled Variable Optical Attenuator (VOA) controlled by driver board and software is utilized. While atmospheric scintillation data are generated based on Radiosonde Observation (RAOB) databases combined with a statistical design approach, cloud attenuation is introduced using Mie theory together with empirical Log-Normal modeling. The estimation of atmospheric-turbulence-induced losses within the emulated optical downlink is done with an FSO IM/DD prototype (Intensity Modulation/Direct Detection) relying on two different data throughputs using a transmitter with external and internal modulation. Moreover, the receiver under-test is a high-speed 10 Gbps APD photodetector with integrated Transimpedance Amplifier (TIA) typically installed in OGSs (Optical Ground Stations) for LEO/GEO satellite communication. The overall testbed performance is addressed by a BER tester and a digital oscilloscope, providing BER graphs and eye diagrams that prove the applied approach for testing APD-TIA in the presence of weather- based disruptions. Furthermore, the testbed benefits from the used beam camera that measures the quality of the generated FSO beam.