Hauptmenü
  • Autor
    • Lang, Margit
    • Hirner, Stefan
    • Wiesbrock, Frank
    • Fuchs, Peter
  • TitelA Review on Modeling Cure Kinetics and Mechanisms of Photopolymerization
  • Datei
  • DOI10.3390/polym14102074
  • Erschienen inPolymers
  • Band14
  • Erscheinungsjahr2022
  • Heft10
  • LicenceCC BY 4.0
  • ISSN2073-4360
  • ZugriffsrechteCC-BY
  • Download Statistik59
  • Peer ReviewJa
  • AbstractPhotopolymerizations, in which the initiation of a chemical-physical reaction occurs by the exposure of photosensitive monomers to a high-intensity light source, have become a well-accepted technology for manufacturing polymers. Providing significant advantages over thermal-initiated polymerizations, including fast and controllable reaction rates, as well as spatial and temporal control over the formation of material, this technology has found a large variety of industrial applications. The reaction mechanisms and kinetics are quite complex as the system moves quickly from a liquid monomer mixture to a solid polymer. Therefore, the study of curing kinetics is of utmost importance for industrial applications, providing both the understanding of the process development and the improvement of the quality of parts manufactured via photopolymerization. Consequently, this review aims at presenting the materials and curing chemistry of such ultrafast crosslinking polymerization reactions as well as the research efforts on theoretical models to reproduce cure kinetics and mechanisms for free-radical and cationic photopolymerizations including diffusion-controlled phenomena and oxygen inhibition reactions in free-radical systems.