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  • Autor
    • Koller, Markus
    • Glanz, Gregor
    • Bergmann, Alexander
    • Popp, Hartmut
  • TitelDetermination of Lamb Wave Modes on Lithium-Ion Batteries Using Piezoelectric Transducers
  • Datei
  • DOI10.3390/s22134748
  • Erschienen inSensors
  • Band22
  • Erscheinungsjahr2022
  • Heft13
  • LicenceCC BY 4.0
  • ISSN1424-8220
  • ZugriffsrechteCC-BY
  • Download Statistik8
  • Peer ReviewJa
  • AbstractThis work presents a method to determine the type of Lamb mode (antisymmetric or symmetric) that propagates through a lithium-ion pouch cell. To determine the type of mode and the group velocity at a specific frequency, two- and three-transducer setups were created. For these setups, it is important that all transducers have the same polarization direction. Two transducers are affixed to the center of the cell at a distance of several centimeters from each other so that the group velocity can be determined. Using cross-correlation, the group velocity of the emerging mode can be calculated. The measurement setup and the processing method was first validated with experiments on acrylic glass and aluminum plates. The measurements were supported with FEM simulations and a numerically calculated model. The output voltages of the receiving piezo-elements obtained in the FEM simulation are in agreement with the underlying theories. The phase shift, which results from the output voltage of the piezo-elements mounted one above the other on different sides of the plate, shows the type of mode. The results of the experimental determination of the Lamb mode that propagates through a lithium-ion pouch cell were validated with a numerically calculated multi-layer model and therefore validate this novel experimental approach.