Hauptmenü
  • Autor
    • Lin, Jianwu
    • Chen, Xiaoyulong
    • Pan, Renyong
    • Cao, Tengbao
    • Cai, Jitong
    • Chen, Yang
    • Peng, Xishun
    • Cernava, Tomislav
    • Zhang, Xin
  • TitelGrapeNet: A Lightweight Convolutional Neural Network Model for Identification of Grape Leaf Diseases
  • Datei
  • DOI10.3390/agriculture12060887
  • Erschienen inAgriculture
  • Band12
  • Erscheinungsjahr2022
  • Heft6
  • LicenceCC BY 4.0
  • ISSN2077-0472
  • ZugriffsrechteCC-BY
  • Download Statistik83
  • Peer ReviewJa
  • AbstractMost convolutional neural network (CNN) models have various difficulties in identifying crop diseases owing to morphological and physiological changes in crop tissues, and cells. Further- more, a single crop disease can show different symptoms. Usually, the differences in symptoms between early crop disease and late crop disease stages include the area of disease and color of disease. This also poses additional difficulties for CNN models. Here, we propose a lightweight CNN model called GrapeNet for the identification of different symptom stages for specific grape diseases. The main components of GrapeNet are residual blocks, residual feature fusion blocks (RFFBs), and convolution block attention modules. The residual blocks are used to deepen the network depth and extract rich features. To alleviate the CNN performance degradation associated with a large number of hidden layers, we designed an RFFB module based on the residual block. It fuses the average pooled feature map before the residual block input and the high-dimensional feature maps after the residual block output by a concatenation operation, thereby achieving feature fusion at different depths. In addition, the convolutional block attention module (CBAM) is introduced after each RFFB module to extract valid disease information. The obtained results show that the identifica- tion accuracy was determined as 82.99%, 84.01%, 82.74%, 84.77%, 80.96%, 82.74%, 80.96%, 83.76%, and 86.29% for GoogLeNet, Vgg16, ResNet34, DenseNet121, MobileNetV2, MobileNetV3_large, ShuffleNetV2_×1.0, EfficientNetV2_s, and GrapeNet. The GrapeNet model achieved the best classifi- cation performance when compared with other classical models. The total number of parameters of the GrapeNet model only included 2.15 million. Compared with DenseNet121, which has the highest accuracy among classical network models, the number of parameters of GrapeNet was reduced by 4.81 million, thereby reducing the training time of GrapeNet by about two times compared with that of DenseNet121. Moreover, the visualization results of Grad-cam indicate that the introduction of CBAM can emphasize disease information and suppress irrelevant information. The overall results suggest that the GrapeNet model is useful for the automatic identification of grape leaf diseases.